Volume 2, Issue 1 (Spring 2019)                   knowl Cons Rest 2019, 2(1): 88-107 | Back to browse issues page

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Mohammadi N, Darabi Z. A Comparative Study of Hoseinie-Schools Architectural Decorations and Traditional Schools in Shiraz During Qajar Period (Case Study: Hoseinie’e Ghavam، Mushir Mosque-School،Moghimiyeh School، Nezamieh School). knowl Cons Rest. 2019; 2 (1) :88-107
URL: http://kcr.richt.ir/article-6-249-en.html
1- MA in Architecture, Teacher of Lian Bushehr Institute, Member of Young Researchers and Elite Club, Bushehr Branch, Azad Islamic University, Bushehr, Iran
2- MA in Architecture, Hafez Institute of Shiraz, Shiraz, Iran
Abstract:   (1638 Views)
In addition to beauty, Islamic architectural decorations imply concepts such as order and existential unity that are represented in the form of geometric and abstract motifs such as Slymians, pure and glittering golden colors, and calligraphy and epigraphy of the Quranic verses. Architectural decorations in Islamic art are one of the most important and most effective unifying elements. Decoration in Islamic architecture and art, especially in schools, has a special role. This article aims at studying the adaptive decorations in Hosseiniyeh-schools and traditional schools of Shiraz during the Qajar period by using a descriptive-analytical method, library and field studies (direct observation). For this purpose, Moshir and Qavam Hosseinieh-Schools and Moghimiyeh and Nezamieh Schools have been analyzed. The importance of addressing this issue arises from the fact that traditional schools and Husseinyeh-Schools as an academic places, compared to other buildings have less been analyzed. Therefore, exploration in this field can introduce the cultural affairs of this historical period and provide a step forward for further research in this field and will be effective in preserving these works and in identifying and understanding the lost buildings. The findings of the research show that the decorations used in Qajar Hosseinieh-Schools are more than features such as the importance of the whole component in individual designs, the introduction of natural elements (birds, animals, flowers) and human faces, the overcrowding of motifs and elements, the variety of motifs and elements, color variation; as these features are rare in the decorations of Qajar schools in Shiraz.
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Type of Study: Original Research Article | Subject: Iran Heritage
Received: 2018/08/22 | Accepted: 2018/12/17 | Published: 2019/03/21

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